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154.5,-9.5 154.5,-45.5 112.5,-45.5 112.5,-9.5 154.5,-9.5

TERN/fc4a7249-ebb2-4ada-8e06-b552bfb297a3 23218

Biomass Plot Library - National collation of stem inventory data and biomass estimation, Australian field sites


The Biomass Plot Library is a collation of stem inventory data across federal, state and local government departments, universities, private companies and other agencies. It was motivated by the need for calibration/validation data to underpin national mapping of above-ground biomass from integration of Landsat time-series, ICESat/GLAS lidar, and ALOS PALSAR bacscatter data under the auspices of the JAXA Kyoto & Carbon (K&C) Initiative (Armston et al., 2016). At the time of Version 1.0 publication 1,073,837 hugs of 839,866 trees across 1,467 species had been collated. This has resulted from 16,391 visits to 12,663 sites across most of Australia's bioregions. Data provided for each project by the various source organisation were imported to a PostGIS database in their native form and then translated to a common set of tree, plot and site level observations with explicit plot footprints where available.

Data can be downloaded from by selecting the combinations Tree biomass and Site Level, Tree Biomass and Tree Level.


The following organisations contributed to the Biomass Plot Library: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO); Flinders University, South Australia; Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP); Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science (DES); Western Regeneration Pty. Ltd.; Department of the Environment, Australia; Charles Darwin University, Northern Territory; Darwin Centre for Bushfire Research; NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH); TERN Ausplots; TERN Supersite Network; University of New South Wales; University of Queensland; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF); Forestry Tasmania; Queensland Remote Sensing Centre, DES; Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia; New South Wales Forestry Corporation; Joint Remote Sensing Research Program.

Funding for development of Biomass Plot Library and Field Data Portal was largely provided by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science through the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program. Funding for development of the functional type allometric models was largely provided by the Department of the Environment, Australia.

This work was funded by the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN), an Australian Government National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) project.

We at TERN acknowledge the Traditional Owners and Custodians throughout Australia, New Zealand and all nations. We honour their profound connections to land, water, biodiversity and culture and pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging.

This is a national collation of tree and shrub inventory data, allometric model predictions of above and below-ground biomass for Australia, for the purpose of calibrating and validating satellite-derived products.


Data Creation
Estimations - The above-ground, below-ground and total biomass (live+dead) estimation was implemented using the generic allometric models for Australian plant functional types developed by Paul et al. (2016) and decay correction factors implemented by Lucas et al. (2010). Site level estimates of biomass error were derived through comprehensive analysis of measurement and allometric model prediction errors (Paul et al., 2016), propagating the random error (precision) associated with the development of the allometric models, all the way through to the prediction of total site biomass.
Field Overview - Field Data Overview

Temporal coverage

From 1936-11-26 To 2015-10-20


  • Date modified


Citation information

How to cite this collection:

Joint Remote Sensing Research Program (2016): Biomass Plot Library - National collation of stem inventory data and biomass estimation, Australian field sites. Version 1.0.0. Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network. (Dataset).

Access data

This data can be accessed from the following websites

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Rights and Licensing

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

TERN services are provided on an "as-is" and "as available" basis. Users use any TERN services at their discretion and risk. They will be solely responsible for any damage or loss whatsoever that results from such use including use of any data obtained through TERN and any analysis performed using the TERN infrastructure.
Web links to and from external, third party websites should not be construed as implying any relationships with and/or endorsement of the external site or its content by TERN.

Please advise any work or publications that use this data via the online form at

Please cite this dataset as {Author} ({PublicationYear}). {Title}. {Version, as appropriate}. Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network. Dataset. {Identifier}.

Copyright 2016 JRSRP. Rights owned by the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program.

These data can be freely downloaded and used subject to the CC BY 4.0 licence. Attribution and citation is required as described at We ask that you send us citations and copies of publications arising from work that use these data.

The Biomass Plot Library data is not the result of a stratified random sampling design, therefore should not be used directly for estimation of regional carbon stocks. This is especially the case for some projects that are biased towards large trees (e.g. sites established by Forestry Tasmania).