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154.5,-9.5 154.5,-44.5 112.5,-44.5 112.5,-9.5 154.5,-9.5


Seasonal surface reflectance - Landsat, JRSRP algorithm, Australia Coverage


The dataset consists of composited seasonal surface reflectance images (4 seasons per year) created from the full time series of Landsat TM/ETM+/OLI imagery. The imagery has been composited over a season to produce imagery which is representative of that period, using techniques which will reduce contamination by cloud and other problems. This creates a regular time series of reflectance values which captures the variability at seasonal time scales. The benefits are a regular time series with minimal missing data or contamination from various sources of noise as well as data reduction. Each season has exactly one value (per band) for each pixel (or is null, i.e., missing), and the value for that season is assumed to be the representative of the whole season. The algorithm is based on the medoid (in reflectance space) over the time period (the medoid is a multi-dimensional analogue of the median), which is robust against extreme values.

This dataset was produced by the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program using data sourced from US Geological Survey.

This product captures surface reflectance at seasonal (ie three-monthly) time scales, forming a consistent time series from 1987 - present. For applications that focus on vegetation changes, the fractional cover and ground cover products may be more suitable.


Summary of processing: Landsat imagery less than 80% cloud cover downloaded > corrections and masking > medoid calculated for seasonal surface reflectance.
Further details are provided in the Methods section.

Temporal coverage

From 1987-12-01 To Not provided


  • Date modified


Citation and Identifier

How to cite this collection:

Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government (2014): Seasonal surface reflectance - Landsat, JRSRP algorithm, Australia Coverage. Version 1.0.0. Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN). dataset.

Rights and Licensing

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

TERN services are provided on an "as-is" and "as available" basis. Users use any TERN services at their discretion and risk. They will be solely responsible for any damage or loss whatsoever that results from such use including use of any data obtained through TERN and any analysis performed using the TERN infrastructure.
Web links to and from external, third party websites should not be construed as implying any relationships with and/or endorsement of the external site or its content by TERN.

Please advise any work or publications that use this data via the online form at

It is not recommended that these data sets be used at scales more detailed than 1:100,000.

Data type


Access data

This data can be accessed from the following websites